Exercise 29. Choose the correct alternative
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1. Historian/A historian is a person who studies history/ the history.

2. Panda/The panda is a large mammal which lives in China/the China. Pandas/The pandas have black and white fur and eat bamboo/the bamboo shoots.

3. We visited wildlife park/a wildlife park last week. It was interesting experience/an interesting experience.

4. Sally’s going to buy the new car/a new car next month. She wants one which runs on lead-free petrol/the lead- free petrol.

5. We stayed at hotel/a hotel by the sea/sea. Room/The room was very comfortable and a view/the view was fantastic.

6. Simon was last/the last person to arrive at party/the party. He had been waiting for the taxi/a taxi for an hour.

7. Susan doesn’t believe in ghosts/the ghosts. She thinks that the supernatural/a supernatural is a product/ product of people's/the people's imagination.

8. Clothes/The clothes I bought yesterday were very cheap. There was sale/a sale in one of department stores/the department stores in a city centre/the city centre.

 

Exercise 30. Fill in the gaps with a, an, the, or Zero article.

1. A: Have you got … car?

B: Yes, I bought … second-hand one last winter.

2. A: How often do you take … holiday?

В: I go to my house in … country about twice … year.

3. A: I can’t find … shoes I wanted to wear for my party.

B: Have you looked in … cupboard in … hall?

4. A: Did you have fun at … theatre last night?

B: Yes, it was … enjoyable evening and … play was great.

5. A: That’s … interesting painting.

B: I know. I found it in … attic.

6. A: Did you stay in … hotel when you went to London?

B: Yes. We had … beautiful room in … King hotel.

 

REVISION EXERCISES

Exercise 31. Use the proper article:

1. He is … honesty itself.

2. … iron is … metal.

3. … knife is made of… metal.

4. I want… glass of… milk.

5. I like … jam on … piece of… bread.

6. We can write … letter in … ink or with … pencil.

7. I prefer … book of … poetry to stories of … adventure.

8. Can you give me … piece of… advice?

9. No news is … good news.

10. … kindness is … good quality.

11. He read … leading article slowly moving his lips over … words.

12. … thought of Nessie faded from his mind.

13. I was … interpreter during … war.

14. We were shocked by… scene that followed.

15. And then … lady came in, … tall young lady.

16. We were met by … handsome young man. … man was … guide.

17. … street was empty. But suddenly she noticed … old woman on … opposite side of… street.

18. Long ago this park was … large private garden.

19. She changed … wrapper in which she did the housework for … black satin blouse and … skirt.

20. … marble clock on … mantelpiece softly chimed twelve.

21. He had … wild desire to run away.

22. I want you to explain … incident we had this morning.

23. What … nice cheerful fellow he is!

24. … young woman of about 30 with … pleasant face rose to greet them when they entered … room.

25. What shall we have for … dessert today?

26. Let’s go to … canteen and have … bite.

27. … cucumbers and … tomatoes are … vegetables.

28. I don’t like … mineral water, I prefer … cup of … tea.

29. Pass me … butter, please.

30. … water, … milk, … tea and … coffee are drinks.

31. Is there anything to your taste on … menu?

32. Will you bring … knife from … kitchen?

33. Only after … second course he felt he was not hungry any longer.

34. Is … pudding to your taste?

35. They sat down to … table and began eating.

36. It was … stewed-fruit and … ice-cream to follow. … ice-cream was rather melted.

37. Did you finish … school … last year?

38. … examiner has already come.

39. What was your mark in… History?

40. He has made … great progress since … beginning of… term.

41. It is easy for … child to study … foreign language.

42. Where is … money? – It is on … table.

43. … boy is good at… Mathematics, … Physics and … Chemistry, but his knowledge of… Literature and … English is rather poor.

44. What … fine weather we are having today!

45. At last he found … very interesting work.

46. … news he brought yesterday is very important.

47. What … clever advice!

48. … Phonetics is … branch of… Linguistics.

49. If you want to speak without … mistakes you must study … Grammar hard.

50. What is … news?

51. … exercise 12 must be done in … written form.

52. Do you often work in … laboratory?

53. She attends … course of… lectures on … Russian Literature at … University.

54. I am not interested in … Chemistry.

55. Her subject is … History of… Art.

56. It was clear she had … good news.

57. … advice is good but I cannot follow it.

58. … driver was … young fellow with … large red hands, … long legs and … orange hair.

59. They watched them go with … amused look.

60. She always met me with … smile.

61. He sat down to table with … great pleasure.

62. They have been working with … enthusiasm all this time.

63. It was … little house with … green windows and … brown door.

64. It was … cold winter with … sunny weather and … severe frosts.

65. The child looked at us with … surprise.

66. He was … young man with … pleasant open smile.

67. He spoke with … bitterness.

68. She nodded to me with … smile.

69. I shall do it with … pleasure.

70. He closed the door with … bang.

71. Everybody looked at her with … approval.

72. They were talking in … low voices.

73. Though he said it in … whisper I heard everything.

74. She was pulling her gloves on in … very slow way.

75. She went up the steps like … bird.

76. I was trembling like … leaf.

77. She said it in … matter-of-fact voice.

78. The young man smiled in …amazement.

79. She was weeping like … child.

80. With … deep sigh she rang the bell.

81. They were walking along … side by … side.

82. He worked from … morning till… night but earned very little.

83. She told me everything … word for … word.

84. The boys were all dirty from… head to … foot.

85. I always meet them walking … arm in … arm.

 

Exercise 32. Use the proper article:

... boy who had always lived in ... country and who had never heard of ... animals that live in other lands came one day to ... town where there was ... wild-beast show. ... elephant attracted his attention, and he was particularly struck by ... animal very much like ... cat, but considerably larger, with ... spotted skin and of... quiet and peaceful appearance. Near ... cage, containing this beautiful animal, was another of much less attractive appearance with two humps on its back and with ... long ugly neck. "What is ... name of that pretty animal which you have placed next to this other ugly one?" asked ... boy of... attendant. "That animal which you admire so much," he replied, "is ... leopard, and is one of... most dangerous of all wild beasts."

 

Exercise 33. Use the proper article:

Моr knew that now was his chance to give Miss Carter ... letter. He stood up. Miss Carter looked at him, ... little surprised. Моr searched his pockets for ... letter, which took him ... moment or two. Then he held it forth and threw it quickly on to her knee. It fell to ... floor and she picked it up with ... puzzled look. As she did this, ... motion caught... Mor's eye and he looked over ... Miss Carter's head to see that Demoyte was standing at... open door and had seen ... scene. Miss Carter, who had her back to ... door, had not observed him. She put... letter quickly into ... handbag, which lay beside her, and looked up again at Моr.

 

Exercise 34. Use the proper article:

a) Before ... week had passed, ... whole neighbourhood knew that Mr. Dale was going to ... Africa as ... mechanic with ... big scientific expedition. ... expedition would have to cross to ... America with all its machines on board ... big liner, and from there start for ... Africa. ... expedition would sail to ... Algeria and from there it would cross ... African continent to ... Madagascar.

b) Anyone who has ever travelled on ... New York underground railway during ... rush hours can easily understand ... following: ... little man, pushed into ... car, suddenly thought of... pickpockets and quite suddenly remembered that he had some money in his overcoat. He put his hand into his pocket and was somewhat shocked upon finding ... fist of... fat fellow-passenger.

"Aha!" cried ... latter, "I have caught you this time!"

"Let my hand go," replied ... little man.

"... Pickpocket," cried ... fat passenger.

"... Scoundrel," answered ... little one.

Just then ... tall man, who stood between them, glanced up from ... paper he was reading.

"I'd like to get off here, if you, ... fellows, don't mind taking your hands out of my pocket."


 


БИБЛИОГРАФИЧЕСКИЙ СПИСОК

1. Артикль: Учебно-методические рекомендации для студентов I курса института лингвистики, специальность «Иностранный язык» (английский язык). – Киров, 2002. – 53 с.

2. Морфология и синтаксис: Учебно-методические рекомендации для студентов I курса института лингвистики, специальность «Иностранный язык» (английский язык) / Сост.: О. В. Сычева, О. В. Чупракова, Н. Н. Кряжевских. – Киров: Изд-во ВятГГУ, 2004. – 59 с.

3. Практический курс английского языка: 1 курс: Учеб. для студ. пед. вузов / Под ред. В. Д. Аракина. – 5-е изд., испр. – М: Гуманит. изд. центр ВЛАДОС, 2002. – 544 с.: ил.

4. Романова  Л. И. Практическая грамматика английского языка / Лариса Романова. – 8-е изд. – М.: Айрис-пресс, 2008. – 384 с. – (Домашний репетитор).

5. Dooley, Jenny, Evans, Virginia Grammarway 4. – Express Publishing, 1999. – 224 p.


 


ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

 

OK PLACEMENT TEST. 3

SIMPLE SENTENCE. WORD ORDER. 9

HAVE / HAVE GOT. 23

THE VERB “TO BE”. 28

THE NOUN.. 31

THE NUMBER OF THE NOUN.. 31

THE POSSESSIVE CASE.. 40

PERSONAL PRONOUNS. 48

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. 53

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. 58

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS (SOME / ANY/ /NO) 62

QUANTIFIERS. 67

GENERAL QUESTONS. 79

ALTERNATIVE QUESTONS. 81

DISJUNCTIVE QUESTIONS. 81

SPECIAL QUESTIONS. 83

IMPERATIVE SENTENCES. 93

THERE IS / THERE ARE.. 95

DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES. 105

ADVERBS. 118

DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADVERBS. 123

PREPOSITIONS. 129

ARTICLES. 151

THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE (A / AN) 152

THE DEFINITE ARTICLE (THE) 159

THE DEFINITE ARTICLE (GENERIC FUNCTION) 166

ARTICLES WITH PROPER NAMES AND SOME OTHER SPECIFIC CASES. 170

БИБЛИОГРАФИЧЕСКИЙ СПИСОК.. 178

ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ.. 179

 


 

 

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