What is the gallbladder defined?

1) a small organ

2) non-vital organ

3) a hollow organ

4) all of the above

 

26. What is the structure of the gallbladder?

1) the fundus

2) the body,

3) theneck

4) all of the above

 

27. How much bile can the gallbladder store?

1) 5 milliliters of bile

2) 50 milliliters of bile

3) 500 milliliters of bile

4) 5,000 milliliters of bile

 

What is cholecystitis defined?

1) inflammation of the gallbladder

2) malignant tumor of the gallbladder

3) very mild and uncommon disease of the gallbladder

4) all of the above

 

How many million people are affected by diabetes?

1) 17 million people

2) over 70 million people

3) over 170 million people

4) over 270 million people

 

What are the most common symptoms of diabetes?

1) polyuria (frequent urination)

2) polydipsia (increased thirst)

3) polyphagia (increased hunger)

4) all of the above

What are the most common causes of pancreatitis?

1) gallstones

2) excessive alcohol use

3) a congenital malformation of the pancreas

4) all of the above

 

32. What parts does t he upper respiratory tract include?  

1) the nasal cavity

2) the pharynx

3) the larynx

4) all of the above

 

What parts does the lower respiratory tract consist of?

1) the trachea, or windpipe

2) the bronchi

3) the lungs

4) all of the above

What is the normal respiration rate in adults?

1) 5-7 breaths per minute

2) 10-20 breaths per minute

3) 25-35 breaths per minute

4) 40-50 breaths per minute

 

What is the vital capacity of the lungs?

1) 2-3 liters

2) 4-6 liters

3) 8-10 liters

4) 12-14 liters

 

What may the causes of pneumonia be?

1) viruses

2) bacteria

3) fungi and parasites

4) all of the above

What is chronic obstructive lung disease defined?

1) chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD)

2) chronic airflow limitation (CAL)

3) chronic obstructive respiratory disease (CORD)

4) all of the above

 

What is the weight of the human brain in adults?

1) 500 – 700 g

2) 1,300 - 1,400 g

3) 2,000 - -2,300 g

4) 2,500 – 2,700 g

 

What is the length of the spinal cord in adults?

1) about 35 cm long in men and 33 cm long in women

2) about 45 cm long in men and 43 cm long in women

3) about 55 cm long in men and 53 cm long in women

4) about 65 cm long in men and 63 cm long in women

 

40. Stroke is …. In developed countries.

1) the first leading cause of death

2) the second leading cause of death

3) the third leading cause of death

4) the fourth leading cause of death

What are the most important functions of the urinary system?

1) to produce urine

2) to store urine

3) to eliminate urine

4) all of the above

What is the size of the kidney?

1) approximately 6–7 cm in length, 3 cm wide and 2 cm thick

2) approximately 11–14 cm in length, 6 cm wide and 4 cm thick

3) approximately 15–16 cm in length, 9 cm wide and 7 cm thick

4) approximately 18–20 cm in length, 12 cm wide and 10 cm thick

 

What is the weight of each adult kidney?

1) 60 -70 grams in males and 40-50 grams in females

2) 125 -170 grams in males and 115-155 grams in females

3) 180 -200 grams in males and 160-170 grams in females

4) 30-40 grams in males and 10-20 grams in females

 

What is the volume capacity of the urinary bladder?

1) 50 – 70 ml

2) 80 – 100 ml

3) 300 – 500 ml

4) 700 – 900 ml

 

45. What are the most common symptoms of pyelonephritis?

1) dysuria (painful voiding of urine)

2) abdominal pain (radiating to the back on the affected side)

3) tenderness of the bladder area and the side of the involved kidney

4) all of the above

Who is more prone to urinary tract infections?

1) men

2) women

3) equally men and women

4) all of the above

 

What is the structure of the ear?

1) the outer ear

2) the middle ear

3) the inner ear

4) all of the above

 

What is the structure of the eye?

1) the outer layer

2) the middle layer

3) the innermost layer

4) all of the above

49. What are the most common symptoms of cataract?

1) loss of visual acuity

2) lost contrast sensitivity

3) less vivid contours, shadows, an absent red reflex

4) all of the above

 

What is the structure of the skin?

1) the epidermis

2) the dermis

3) the hypodermis

4) all of the above

 

What are the main components of the skin?

1) sweat glands

2) blood vessels

3) melanocytes and nerve endings

4) All of the above

 

What is the surface area of the skin?

1) 05-0.6 square meter

2) 0.9 -1.1 square meters

3) 1.5-2.0 square meters

4) 2.5 – 3.0 square meters

 

53. What is the thickness of the skin?

1) 0.5 – 0.6 mm

2) 0.8 – 1.3 mm

3) 2–3 mm

4) 4-5 mm

 

What sex does psoriasis affect mostly?

1) men

2) women

3) both sexes equally

4) I have no idea

What is psoriasis defined?

1) a type of eczema

2) an inflammatory, chronically relapsing disease

3) a non-contagious and pruritic skin disorder

4) all of the above

 

What are bacteria defined?

1) a large group of single-celled microorganisms

 2) small infectious agents that can replicate only inside the living cells of organisms

3) microorganisms that feed on other parasites

4) microorganisms such as yeasts and molds

Дата: 2018-09-13, просмотров: 50.