What is polymyositis defined?

1) many muscle inflammation

2) an autoimmune neuromuscular disease leading to fluctuating muscle weakness and fatiguability

3) muscular paralysis

4) all of the above

What is the heart defined?

1) a pear shaped, muscular organan

2) the most important organ of the circulatory system that pumps blood through the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions

3) an organ that is located to the left of the middle of the thorax; surrounded by the lungs, protected by the thorax: the breastbone and ribs

4) all of the above

 

7. The cardiac muscle is …

1) striped and involuntary

2) smooth

3) voluntary

4) all of the above

 

What is the size of the adult heart?

1) about one fourth the size of a clenched fist

2) about two fourths the size of a clenched fist

3) about three fourths the size of a clenched fist

4) the size of a clenched fist

 

What is the weight of the heart?

1) 150 g in females and 250 g in males

2) 250 g in females and 350 g in males

3) 350 g in females and 450 g in males

4) 450 g in females and 550 g in males

 

What is the normal heart beat in adults?

1) 40 bpm in males and 45 bpm in females

2) 70 bpm in males and 75 bpm in females

3) 90 bpm in males and 95 bpm in females

4) 100 bpm in males and 105 bpm in females

 

What is the definition of myocardial infarction?

1) a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated high blood pressure

2) a heart attack, the interruption of blood supply to part of the heart, causing heart cells to die

3) abnormal heart rhythm

4) all of the above

 

12. Evaluation for any disease includes…

1) history

2) physical examination

3) instrumental evaluation

4) all of the above

 

What is the normal erythrocyte count?

1) 1.0-2.0 million erythrocytes per cubic millimeter

2) 3.0-4.0 million erythrocytes per cubic millimeter

3) 4.0-5.0 million erythrocytes per cubic millimeter

4) 7.0-8.0 million erythrocytes per cubic millimeter

 

What is the normal leukocyte count?

1) 1,000-2,000 leukocytes per cmm

2) 4,000-9,000 leukocytes per cmm

3) 6,000-11,000 leukocytes per cmm

4) 10,000-13,000 leukocytes per cmm

 

What is the normal thrombocyte count?

1) 18,000- 32, 000 thrombocytes per cmm

2) 180,000- 320, 000 thrombocytes per cmm

3) 280,000- 520, 000 thrombocytes per cmm

4) 380,000- 620, 000 thrombocytes per cmm

 

What is the volume of the blood?

1) 2.7 - 3 liters

2) 4.7 - 5 liters

3) 6.7 - 8 liters

4) 9.7 - 11 liters

 

What is anemia defined?

1) a decrease in normal number of red blood cells

2) white blood; a cancer of the blood or bone marrow

3) blood coagulation

4) all of the above

 

What are the most important blood vessels?

1) arteries

2) veins

3) capillaries

4) all of the above



What is atherosclerosis defined?

1) the formation of a blood clot ("thrombus") in a deep vein, a form of thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a vein with clot formation)

2) a condition in which an artery wall thickens as the result of a build-up of fatty materials such as cholesterol

3) high blood pressure

4) all of the above

 

What are the main functions of the gastrointestinal tract?

1) to take in food

2) to extract energy and nutrients

3) to expel the remaining wastes

4) all of the above

 

What is gastritis defined?

1) a malignant tumor of the stomach

2) inflammation of the lining of the stomach

3) a gastric ulcer

4) all of the above

 

21. What is the main cause of gastritis?

1) Helicobacter pylori

2) a family history of gastritis

3) acute emotional stresses

4) acute work stresses

 

What are the main functions of the liver?

1) the largest glandular organ

2) a soft reddish brown triangular organ

3) an organ that is responsible for drug detoxification, glycogen storage, plasma protein synthesis, and bile production

4) all of the above

What is the weight of the normal liver?

1) between 0.4 and 0.6 kilograms

2) between 1.4 and 1.6 kilograms

3) between 2.4 and 3.6 kilograms

4) between 4.4 and 5.6 kilograms

 

24. What are the most common symptoms of liver cancer?

1) abdominal mass, abdominal pain,

2) nausea,vomiting, anemia,

3) back pain, jaundice, itching, weight loss, fever, an enlarged liver

4) all of the above

 

Дата: 2018-09-13, просмотров: 33.