Exercise 1. Make the sentences negative and ask general questions
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1. They have some new pictures.

2. He has a lot of good books.

3. She has a lot of ink in the fountain-pen.

4. We have three pigeons at home.

5. We have a lot of snow in the street.

6. She has this interesting book at home.

7. They have some good drawers in the table.

8. We have got a lot of good chalk on the blackboard.

9. I have her photo.

10.  He has a rabbit at home.

11.  They have dogs in the yard.

12.  She has a lot of mistakes in her dictation.

13.  My aunt has some animals.

14.  They have got a lot of newspapers in the bookcase.

15.  He has a little ink in his pen.

16.  He has some relatives in Moscow.

17.  I have three schoolmates at the Institute.

18.  She has her companions in Group 3.

19.  They have four children.

20.  We have few domestic animals at home.

21.  He has a lot of bread at home.

22.  You have little milk in the cup.

23.  They have few nieces.

24.  I have a lot of tea in my cup.

25.  He has a jolly monkey.

26.  They’ve got some birds in the cage.

27.  She has a velvet cap.

28.  We have turkeys in the yard.

29.  We have five boys in our group.

30.  We have these sheep in the picture.

Exercise 2. Translate into English:

1. У Тима нет сестры. 2. У нас нет большой квартиры. 3. У него нет моего билета. 4. У них мало кофе в чашках. 5. У меня нет синей шляпки. - И у меня тоже нет. 6. У нее есть несколько марок. - У ее подруги тоже есть. 7. У меня немного книг на английском языке.

THE VERB “TO BE”

 

Notional   As a notional verb it means “быть”.     e.g. He is at home. Auxiliary   As an auxiliary verb it is used to form Continuous tenses and the Passive Voice.   e.g. He is doing his homework. I was working in the garden at 5 yesterday. This book is translated into a lot of languages. Link   As a link verb it is a part of the Compound Nominal Predicate.   e.g. He is a student. It is a book. We are fine. She is five.

 

The verb “to be” has different forms in different persons and numbers:

 

  Singular Plural
1st person I am (I’m) / I was We are (We’re) / We were
2nd person You are (You’re) / You were You are (You’re) / You were
3rd person He is (He’s) / He was She is (She’s) / She was It is (It’s) / It was They are (They’re) / They were

 

To form questions the verb “to be” is placed before the subject.

e.g. Are you married? Is he a student?

 

To form negatives we add “not” to the verb “to be”.

 

EXERCISES

Exercise 1. Define the type of the verb “to be”:

1. The book is on the table.

2. She is glad to see her friend.

3. They were doing homework at 7 p.m. yesterday.

4. The children are in the garden.

5. I am well today.

6. Are you busy?

7. Is he watching TV?

8. I am a student.

9. They were tired yesterday.

10. What are you doing?

11. It is cold today.

12. We are in the classroom.

 

Exercise 2. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb “to be”:

1. I … an English student.

2. His name … George Brown.

3. Mr. and Mrs. Brown … his father and mother.

4. My brother’s name … Benny, and my sisters’ names … Betty and Rose.

5. We … members of one family.

6. … Helen married?

7. … they married?

8. Mr. Smith … Betty’s uncle.

9. How old … you? – I … twenty.

10. What … you all? – We … all students.

11. … your girl-friends students?

12. … Betty’s school-mates kind and jolly?

13. His companions … well-bred.

14. … Benny eager to have a dog?

15. She … a naughty child.

16. I … eager to have a pen-friend.

17. I … two years younger than my sister.

18. He … as young as his friend.

19. My niece … eighteen months old.

20. They … doctors.

 

Exercise 3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb “to be”:

1. … the pencils in the box? – Yes, they ….

2. Put the chair near the wall. Where … it?

3. … the chair near the table or near the desk? – It … near the desk.

4. The chair and the table … in the room.

5. Put the pieces of paper under the book. Where … they?

6. Where … the matches? – They … in the box.

7. … the books on the floor? – No, they … not.

8. … the window open or shut? – It … open.

9. Where … the picture?

10. The word … written on the blackboard.

11. … the desks in the classroom? – Yes, they ….

12. The window … open.

13. I … in the classroom.

14. We … students.

15. You … a teacher.

16. The baby … in bed.

17. The books … on the table.

18. I … a student.

19. The door … shut.

20. The children … in the garden.

21. … we students?

22. … the door shut?

23. The chair … near the table.

 

Exercise 4. Translate from Russian into English:

1. Мы – студенты.

2. Наши книги на столе.

3. Твои ручки в сумке? – Нет.

4. Мама дома? – Да.

5. Они в классе.

6. Учителя в классе нет.

7. Они – не учителя, они – врачи.

8. Ты замужем? – Да.

9. Ему 20 лет.

10. Ты дома? – Нет, я на работе.

11. Я рада тебя видеть.

12. Мы – хорошие друзья.

 

THE NOUN

Classification of Nouns

PROPER

COMMON

Personal Names

Geographic Names

Names of places

Countable

Uncountable

Abstract

Concrete

Concrete

(Material)

Abstract

Individual Collective/ Multitude
               

 

Дата: 2019-02-25, просмотров: 188.