Exercise 3. Point out the predicate in each of the following sentences and state its type
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1. It is good.

2. I can do it.

3. His story was true.

4. That is a good idea.

5. I have finished my work.

6. It is raining.

7. It is not real coffee.

8. I shall write a postcard to Doctor Wing now.

9. I understand that he is a writer.

10. “She is a wonderful woman,” said the girl softly.

 

Exercise 4. Point out the predicate in each of the following sentences and state its type.

1. But I must be going now.

2. “Why should we go down to dessert twice a day?” said Venice.

3. You will have to do as you were told.

4. Your mother must have gone through a good deal of suffering.

5. They may have telephone communication.

6. Who could have done such a thing?

7. Jack ought to have stayed for tea with them.

8. The man grinned from ear to ear and began to play a lively tune.

9. I kept walking, busy with my thoughts.

10. Aloysius Royce continued to work quietly as the other two talked.

11. He burst out laughing.

12. They ceased to speak eyeing the newcomer suspiciously.

13. The tanks began moving towards the bridge.

14. The roof of the cottage was high and pointed.

15. The argument grew hot.

16. You men, you’re all alike!

17. They remained silent for a while.

18. Why have you become so absent-minded, my dear fellow?

19. It is getting dark, will you turn on the light?

20. Her voice sounded very strange.

21. Something has gone wrong with the starter.

22. Mary’s cakes taste always delicious.

23. Mr. Dempster waited until the conversation died.

24. For a full three minutes Daisy’s mouth continued to laugh.

25. They were trying to calm her.

26. He couldn’t go on living there alone.

27. She kept eyeing Henry with interest.

28. I dared not utter a word.

29. The plane is to take off in a matter of minutes.

 

The Secondary Parts of the Sentence

 

The secondary parts of the sentence are the object, the attribute, the adverbial modifier.

 

THE OBJECT

It completes or limits the meaning of a verb or an adjective.

There are different kinds of objects in English:

1. direct. It is used after transitive verbs.

e.g. I see her every day. He entered the room.

2. indirect. It denotes a living being to whom the action of the verb is directed. It is used with the intransitive verbs and is hardly used without a direct object. The indirect object comes before the direct object in a sentence.

e.g. She gave me books. I showed him a picture.

3. prepositional. It is used most with intransitive verbs, adjectives, words denoting a category of state and is joined to them with the preposition.

e.g. I’m angry with you. Thank you for your kindness.

 

Exercise 5. Point out direct, indirect and prepositional objects and say what they are expressed by.

NOTE. Remember that the indirect object can hardly ever be used without the direct object.

MODELS: Give me (indirect) your address (direct). I must read it (direct) to you (indirect). He came with his friend (prepositional).

1. Give me a knife and a small spoon, please.

2. It is raining, you must give her your umbrella.

3. Tell us your story.

4. Tell it to him, too.

5. I know nothing about it.

6. Show me your room.

7. I want to buy a doll for my little sister.

8. I haven’t seen the children today.

9. Help me, please.

10. See me tomorrow.

11. You’ll forget him.

12. She writes letters to her cousins.

 

Exercise 6. Point out the objects and say what kind they are:

1. Give me a match, please.

2. Put all possible questions to this sentence.

3. Will you pass me the sugar?

4. I addressed her twice before she answered me.

5. He handed the letter to his wife.

6. I need a book with pictures for my little daughter.

7. Everybody listened to him with interest.

8. Peggy opened a little door and showed me my bedroom.

9. We are sorry for him.

10. He stopped and shook hands with me.

11. She put the kettle on the fire.

12. We looked for the boy everywhere.

THE ATTRIBUTE

It qualifies a noun, a pronoun or any other part of speech that has a nominal character.

The attribute may be expressed by:

1. an adjective

e.g. This big girl is very lazy.

2. a participle

e.g. It is only a passing shower.

3. a pronoun

e.g. His eyes were blue.

4. a numeral

e.g. The second answer was better.

5. a noun in the possessive case

e.g. My brother’s flat is large.

 

Exercise 7. Point out the attribute and say what it is expressed by:

NOTE. An attribute may stand before and after the noun. Remember that an attribute to a pronoun always follows it.

1. Ansell gave an angry sigh.

2. I hear Mary’s voice in the next room.

3. I looked at her smiling face.

4. He is a walking grammar book.

5. Toby is a good clever boy.

6. The cover of this book is blue.

7. The streets of Moscow are wide.

8. I like all Moscow theatres.

9. Tell me something interesting.

10. I don’t see anything difficult in it.

11. Give me a better pencil, please.

12. This woman has two children.

 

When there are two or more adjectives in a sentence, they usually go in the following order:

 

Determiner a/an/that/his/Mary’s
Opinion/Quality/Subjective Common fantastic
Size large
Age modern
Shape round
Colour dark blue
Nationality/Origin English
Material oak
Compound Element/Purpose dining
Noun table

 

Дата: 2019-02-25, просмотров: 285.