Exercise 8. Work with a partner. Write each adjective in the correct column of the table
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Opinion/ Quality/ Subjective Common   mmon Size

Age

Shape

Colour

Origin/

Nationality

Material

Purpose/ Compound Element  
   

 

 

 

 

 

   
Korean

ugly

orange

wool

American

dancing

oval

plastic

unusual

modern

teenage

Omani

little

cheap

metal

small

huge

hiking

pretty

Brazilian

antique

green

medical

wonderful

funny

fashionable

silk

rectangular

nice

ceramic

lovely

uncomfortable

enormous

common

elderly

ancient

glass

brown

wedding

cotton

writing

elegant

tasty

big

traditional

friendly

racing

triangular

                         

 

Exercise 9. Arrange the attributes in the right order:

1. an unusual ring ( gold)

2. a modern house (attractive)

3. an American film (old)

4. a large nose ( red)

5. a sunny day (lovely)

6. an ugly dress (orange)

7. a red car (old, little)

8. a metal box ( black, small)

9. a long face (thin)

10. a wide avenue (long)

11. a big cat ( fat, black)

12. a little village ( old, lovely)

13. long hair ( fair, beautiful)

14. an old painting (interesting, French)

15. a beautiful table ( wooden, round)

16. hair (curly, long, dark)

17. curtains ( silk, old, faded)

18. wallpaper (grey, expensive, foreign made)

19. a bear (plush, brown, huge)   

20. shrubbery ( green, lush)

21. a lady (charming, young)

22. a creature (old, ugly)

23. a device (plastic, small)

24. a dress ( velvet, black, simple)

25. a town (little, sleepy)

26. a boy (tall, handsome)

 

Exercise 10. Put the adjectives in the correct order.

1. a(n) lace / blue / beautiful / handkerchief

2. a(n) stone / ancient / small / cottage

3. a(n) English / huge / wooden / wardrobe

4. a(n) Chinese / amazing / old / story

5. a(n) American / new / exciting / film

6. a pair of / wire / old / glasses

7. a(n) wooden / lovely / old-fashioned / table

8. a(n) white / linen / Irish / tablecloth

9. a chocolate / large / delicious / cake

10. a(n) orange / ugly / velvet / sofa

11. suede / Italian / new / red / shoes

12. a(n) elderly / tall / Englishman

13. oval / Venetian / ancient / valuable / glass

14. a(n) large / expensive / brown / leather / case

15. a(n) square / wooden / old / nice / table

16. a modern / stone / large / beautiful / cottage

17. a(n) porcelain / tea / blue / thin / old / cup

18. a(n) young / blonde / handsome / tall / man

19. old / several / English / beautiful / castles

20. pretty / French / young / a lot of / girls

21. young / many / factory / German / workers

 

Exercise 11. FACT OR OPINION?

If you know the word order of the adjectives you will easily read the proverb arranging the adjectives in the following sentences:

1. What a ... man he is!

V) young E) pleasant

2. He is a very good-looking man with ... hair.

Y) dark R) long E) lovely

3. He has bought a ... sports car.

O) red G) Japanese D) new

4. Jane has just bought a ... dress.

A) purple S) silk H) pretty

5. She has ... eyes and friendly smile.

I) big S) blue H) warm

6. The only thing stolen was a ... watch.

A) Swiss Y) gold D) antique

 

THE ADVERBIAL MODIFIER

There are different kinds of adverbial modifiers: of time, manner, place and direction, frequency, degree, cause, result, condition, comparison, purpose.

The adverbial modifiers of place, time and manner are often expressed by adverbs and nouns with prepositions.

e.g. Come to see me tomorrow. An old lady was sitting in an armchair.

 

ORDER OF ADVERBS

1. Adverbs usually go after verbs but before adjectives, other adverbs and participles.

e.g. He speaks softly. She is amazingly beautiful. He drove very fast. Computers are extensively used nowadays.

2. Adverbs of manner go before the main verb, after the auxiliary verb or at the end of the sentence.

e.g. She easily passed the exam. We are eagerly waiting for his letter. He acted foolishly.

3. Adverbs of degree (absolutely, completely, totally, extremely, very, quite, rather, etc.) go before an adjective, an adverb or a main verb, but after an auxiliary verb.

e.g. This is totally unacceptable. They arrived rather early. We absolutely love her sense of humour. I don't quite understand what you mean.

4. “Very much “ is an adverbial of degree. It has the following positions in the sentence:

a) after the direct object: I like this idea very much. I like coffee very much in the morning.

b) after the verb “to be” (before the 2nd participle): He was very much surprised to hear that.

c) before the subordinate clause: I hope very much that you will be able to do it.

5. Adverbs of frequency go after auxiliary verbs and the verb to be, but before main verbs.

e.g. He is always ready to help. Sam often complains about his salary.

6. Adverbs of place and time usually go at the end of the sentence.

e.g. There is a cafe nearby. I'll meet you tomorrow.

Some one-syllable adverbs of time such as soon, now and then, go before the main verb, but after the auxiliary verb or the verb to be.

e.g. She then told him what had happened. He will soon inform us about his decision.

7. We can put an adverb at the beginning of a sentence if we want to emphasize it.

e.g. Slowly, he closed the door behind him. (manner) In the living room, there is an antique grandfather clock. (place) Yesterday, I met the President. (time)

8. When there are two or more adverbs in the same sentence, they usually come in the following order: manner - place - time.

e.g. The baby slept quietly in his cot all night long.

If there is a verb of movement, such as go, come, leave in the sentence, then the adverbs come in the following order: place - manner - time.

e.g. He came to work by bus this morning.

 

Дата: 2019-02-25, просмотров: 227.