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КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 2

 Контрольные работы следует выполнять по следующему принципу. В соответствии с начальной буквой фамилии выбрать вариант:

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LIFE AT COLLEGE

There are 46 universities in Britain.

For all British citizens a place at university brings with it a grant from their Local Education authority. The grants cover tuition fees and some -of the living expenses. The amount depends on the parents' income. If the parents do not earn much money, their children will receive a full grant (1) which will cover all their expenses.

Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are fairly independent people, and when the time comes to pick a college they usually choose one as far away from home as possible! So, many students in northern and Scottish universities come from the south of England and vice versa. It is very unusual for university students to live at home. Although parents may be a little sad to see this happen, they usually approve of the move, and see it as a necessary part of becoming an adult. Anyway, the three university terms are only ten weeks each, and during vacation times families are reunited.

When they first arrive at college, first year university students are called 'freshers'. A fresher's life can be exciting but terrifying for the first week.

Often freshers will live in a Hall of Residence on or near the college campus, although they may move out into a rented room (2) in their second or third year, or share a house with friends. Many freshers will feel very homesick for the first week or so. But living in hall soon helps them to make new friends.

During the first week, all the clubs and societies hold a 'freshers' fair' (3) during which they try to persuade the new students to join their society The freshers are told that it is important for them to come into contact with many opinions and activities during their time at university, but the choice can be a bit overwhelming!

On the day that lectures start, groups of freshers are often seen walking around huge campuses, maps in hand and a worried look on their faces. They are learning how difficult it is to change from a school community to one of many thousands. They also learn a new way of studying. As well as lectures, there are regular seminars, at which one of a small group of students (probably not more than ten) reads a paper he or she has written. The paper is then discussed by the tutor and the rest of the group. Once or twice a term, students will have a tutorial. This means that they see a tutor alone to discuss their work (4) and their progress. In Oxford and Cambridge, and some other universities, the study system is based entirely around such tutorials which take place once a week. Attending lectures is optional for all students.  

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Найдите и выпишите из текста предложения, определяющие его основную идею.

4. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

1. How many universities are there in Britain?

2. What kind of university do the 18-19 year old people choose?

3. What is very unusual for the students?

4. How are the first-year students called? What do you think why it is so?

5. Do many or few students feel homesick for the first week or so?

6. What do the students have besides lectures while studying?

7. Why do the students have a tutorial once or twice a term?

8. What is the study system based in Oxford and Cambridge?

9. Is attending lectures optional?

10. Prove that students’ lives are difficult.

Выпишите из текста глагольные формы, укажите время и залог.

Выпишите из текста существительные в единственном числе, поставьте их во множественное число.

Выпишите из текста прилагательные, укажите их сравнительную и превосходную степень.

Выпишите из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами, напишите отрицания к данным предложениям и переведите их на русский язык. Поставьте данные предложения во времена Future, Past or Present.

9. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным в предложениях словам или словосочетаниям.

GRAMMAR DRILLS

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HIDE PARK

Hide Park is the greatest People’s Park in Europe. But its aristocrat tradition is maintained. It remains a Royal Park (1). Hyde Park is just 4 hundred years old as a Royal Park and 3 hundred as a People’s Park.

Hyde Park is nature’s own plan, London’s heritage from the prehistoric forest which surrounded London long long ago.

Hyde Park is quite English: those responsible for its plan knew, as well as the modern travel writer, the value of “unknown” and “off the beaten track” to the Englishman. The architectural treatment of Hyde Park is unique in Europe. Simplicity itself, straight and narrow paths dissect it. There are no artificial winding ways to guide the wanderer into its secret groves (2). In another sense Hyde Park is unique in Europe. One can walk or lie on the grass, play game, take one’s exercises. The freedom of our ancestors is restored, and one can bathe and row in the Serpentine. Hyde Park begins, at 5 o’clock in the morning.

In winter it is dark and cold. Space and time, with a thousand years of history, are blotted out.

In spring dew is on the ground. At no other time is Hyde Park like this. The scent of awakening nature is in the air. The roads around are silent, and the only sound is of birds. Sometimes at this hour sheep are driven in to graze.

Summer is the horses’ time. Riding early in the morning in Hyde Park is the ancient tradition. They are few and usually ride in groups. They exchange salutes, and there are ladies riding with them (3), the men raise hats and lower them with a deep bow.

The early morning exercises of dogs are simultaneous with that of horses. Generally they are taken out by butlers or by servant girls, but some people are so fond of their dogs that they take them out themselves.

For these animals Hide Park is a Paradise. They are at liberty to romp and disport at their will. Until quite recently a dog could be buried in Hyde Park. There was a little Dog Cemetery near the Victoria Gate. But for the 35 years it has not been functioning because there has been a room for no more of them (4).

 

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Выпишите из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами, напишите отрицания к данным предложениям и переведите их на русский язык. Поставьте данные предложения во времена Future, Past or Present.

9. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным в предложениях словам или словосочетаниям.

GRAMMAR DRILLS

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OUTDOORS and INDOORS

If you come to a large city, you will find out that there are all kinds of things to do outdoors: there is almost every sport you can imagine, there are parks and gardens to visit. You can go sightseeing either on your own or in a group, and if you like walking you can go on organized walks, which could include sightseeing too.

       If you have not got much money to spend, lots of events taking place outside or on the street are free. For example in Britain there are many street festivals, like the famous Notting Hill Carnival that happens in London each summer. You can take part in all kinds of old customs you like (1). But of course if you have little money in Russia, it is difficult to have free entertainment. It is said so about young people and teenagers. As far as you know, being a teenager is both interesting and dangerous nowadays. Many young people have their hobbies, special interests, responsibilities. All these things help them to use their creative energy and to realize their ambitions.

However some young people are not motivated for studying and working. They look for the easiest ways of enjoying their lives and escaping from reality, which demands some concrete efforts in building the career, supporting the family or routine surviving. They start smoking, drinking and even taking drugs. They gather together doing nothing (2), they hang out on the streets, on the attics or where not. Most often such groups of youth are involved into different crime affairs.

To prevent it the social authorities should do their best in organizing the leisure time of teenagers. And the first step is expected to be made by the family. Many teenagers want to be entertained. The actual priorities for them are: TV comes first, followed by Internet, films, listening to records, radio, going to disco, dancing, and reading. Then come concerts, museums, amateur arts and finally theatres.

 But some young people prefer computing, sports, design, writing in communication on Internet and so on. To tell the truth few people like reading and it is a great problem nowadays. Somebody says that people are busy with one thing- making money (3). But there are not only bars, discos and clubs. If you want to spend a pleasant evening outside you can take a trip and enjoy the nature, you are able to go to the forest or fishing, you will visit the parks and relax on the grass (4).  

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Выпишите из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами, напишите отрицания к данным предложениям и переведите их на русский язык. Поставьте данные предложения во времена Future, Past or Present.

9. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным в предложениях словам или словосочетаниям.

GRAMMAR DRILLS

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THE AMERICAN FAMILY

 Most American families consist of a mother, a father, and three or four children living at home. There may be relatives - grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, and in-laws in the same community, but American families usually maintain separate households (1). This familial structure is knows as the "nuclear family." It is unusual for members of the family other than the husband, wife, and children to live together. Occasionally an aging grandparent may live with the family, but this arrangement is usually not considered desirable.

Although the nuclear family unit is economically independent of the rest of the family (2), members of the whole family group often maintain close kinship ties. Visiting between parents and their married children and between married sisters and brothers is frequent when they live close to each other. If they live in different communities, they keep in touch by writing letters and by telephone (3).

In the American family the husband and wife usually share important decision making. When the children are old enough, they participate as well (4). Foreign observers are frequently amazed by the permissiveness of American parents. The old rule that "children should be seen and not heard" is rarely followed,' and children are often allowed to do what they wish without strict parental control.

The father seldom expects his children to obey him without question, and children are encouraged to be independent at an early age. Some people believe that American parents carry this freedom too far. Young people are expected to break away from their parental families by the time they have reached their late teens or early twenties. Indeed, not to do so is often regarded as a failure, a kind of weak dependence.                                            

 

Переведите текст письменно.

Выпишите из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами, напишите отрицания к данным предложениям и переведите их на русский язык. Поставьте данные предложения во времена Future, Past or Present.

9. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным в предложениях словам или словосочетаниям.

GRAMMAR DRILLS

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 2

 Контрольные работы следует выполнять по следующему принципу. В соответствии с начальной буквой фамилии выбрать вариант:

А– И – 1 вариант

К– О – 2 вариант

П – У – 3 вариант

Ф – Я – 4 вариант

P. S. В случае выполнения не своего варианта контрольная работа не засчитывается.


1 вариант


Прочитать текст.

LIFE AT COLLEGE

There are 46 universities in Britain.

For all British citizens a place at university brings with it a grant from their Local Education authority. The grants cover tuition fees and some -of the living expenses. The amount depends on the parents' income. If the parents do not earn much money, their children will receive a full grant (1) which will cover all their expenses.

Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are fairly independent people, and when the time comes to pick a college they usually choose one as far away from home as possible! So, many students in northern and Scottish universities come from the south of England and vice versa. It is very unusual for university students to live at home. Although parents may be a little sad to see this happen, they usually approve of the move, and see it as a necessary part of becoming an adult. Anyway, the three university terms are only ten weeks each, and during vacation times families are reunited.

When they first arrive at college, first year university students are called 'freshers'. A fresher's life can be exciting but terrifying for the first week.

Often freshers will live in a Hall of Residence on or near the college campus, although they may move out into a rented room (2) in their second or third year, or share a house with friends. Many freshers will feel very homesick for the first week or so. But living in hall soon helps them to make new friends.

During the first week, all the clubs and societies hold a 'freshers' fair' (3) during which they try to persuade the new students to join their society The freshers are told that it is important for them to come into contact with many opinions and activities during their time at university, but the choice can be a bit overwhelming!

On the day that lectures start, groups of freshers are often seen walking around huge campuses, maps in hand and a worried look on their faces. They are learning how difficult it is to change from a school community to one of many thousands. They also learn a new way of studying. As well as lectures, there are regular seminars, at which one of a small group of students (probably not more than ten) reads a paper he or she has written. The paper is then discussed by the tutor and the rest of the group. Once or twice a term, students will have a tutorial. This means that they see a tutor alone to discuss their work (4) and their progress. In Oxford and Cambridge, and some other universities, the study system is based entirely around such tutorials which take place once a week. Attending lectures is optional for all students.  

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Дата: 2018-12-28, просмотров: 163.