Exercise 4. Fill in the gaps by the personal pronouns in the Objective Case
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Model: A: Do you know that man?
B: Yes, I know him. It’s our Dean.

1. A: Who is there? Is it Mary?
B: Yes, it's ....

2. A: Are you going to invite the Smiths to your party?
B: No, I am not going to invite …

3. A: Look, Ann is coming. Let’s ask … to help ….
B: Yes, and let’s invite … to our party too.

4. A: That is my notebook. Give ... my notebook, please.
B: Here you are.

5. A: Those are our umbrellas. Give ... our umbrellas, please.
B: Here you are.

6. A: Give Jane this watch. Give ... that one, too.
B: I am always glad to help.

7. A: Give the children these ice creams. Give ... those ones, too.
B: Won’t that be too much?

8. A: Give Tom this book. Give ... that one, too.
B: Is he going to take … to the library?

9. A: That is my coat. Give ... my coat, please.
B: With pleasure.











Exercise 5. Replace the words in bold type by personal pronouns.

a) Tom and Bob are always hungry after classes. b) Tom usually goes to the canteen with his fellow-students. c) Mother doesn't like mustard. d) Give Kitty some tea. e) Is Kitty thirsty? f) Mother often asks Ann to help little John. g) Bob doesn't like beer and always prefers a glass of mineral water. h) The pencils are blue. i) The girl is not here. j) Put the book on the desk. k) The umbrella and the coat are on the chair. l) The cat is near the door. m) Ann and I are students. n) The boxes arenot on the floor. o) Where are the girls? p) John is a pupil.  

Exercise 6. . Fill in the gaps with a suitable pronoun and explain your choice by the rules.

Model: John is late. Has he called? (the Nominative Case, because it’s the subject). It’s not like him to be late. (the Objective Case, because it’s the predicative).

 

1. Nick is lucky. … has a good job and … earns much more than … do.

2. Mary works hard, because … wants the boss to give … a pay rise.

3. “Where is Sarah?” – “Isn’t that … over there?”

4. She is older than … am, but I’m taller than ….

5. “I’m sick and tired of this job.” – “… too.”

6. A: Mark gave … a great idea.
B: … is so inventive, isn’t he?

7. This is my house. Do you like …?

8. He doesn’t like animals. He is afraid of ….

9. The scissors are very sharp. Be careful with ….

10. “Who is guilty?” – “It was … who did it,” – said Tom.

 


Exercise 7. Fill in the gaps with a suitable personal pronoun.

1. This is my house. Do you like ... ?

2. Sam is very nice. Do you know ... ?

3. Those are your letters. Take ... .

4. He doesn’t like animals. He is afraid of ... .

5. Sally never drinks coffee. She hates ... .

6. He is so handsome! Look at ... .

7. I don’t need this magazine. You can have ....

8. Where are my shoes? I can’t find ... .

9. Margaret is talking to you. Listen to ... .

10. What surprising news! Have you heard ... ?

11. I often eat fish. I love ... !

12. Tim always thinks about Mary. He loves ... .

13. I’ll be back in a minute. Wait for ... , please.

14. Your parents were so kind to you. Thank ... .

15. We are going to the party. Please join ... .

16. This is my watch. ... bought ... yesterday.

17. She didn’t come. What happened to ... ?

18. What’s the matter with ... ? You look bad.

19. Do you have a new dress? Show ... to ... !

20. I’d like to have some biscuits. Can you pass ... to ... ?

21. He needs the money. Give ... to ... , please.

22. Sarah’s doctor is so kind! ... did so much for ... !

23. We are very worried about you. Tell ... what is happening.

24. Who are these people? Nobody knows ... .

25. Mum and I have good neighbours. I like to talk to ....

26. Sue seldom visits her parents. ... often phones ... .

27. I don’t know Tina’s telephone number. Could you write ... for ... ?

28. My son saw a new Hollywood movie. But ... didn’t like ... very much.

29. Kevin and Bess bought a washing-machine. ... are proud of ... .

30. The scissors are very sharp. Be careful with ... .

31. Jack loves Sue. He offered ... to marry ... .

 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

        

  Singular Plural
1st person my our
2nd person your your
  3rd person his her its their

 

Possessive pronouns serve to modify nouns in the sentence, i.e. they function as adjectives.

e. g. The doctor usually came to his office at three o'clock.

Do you think you are losing your popularity?

From my place I could watch the people eating their lunch.

 

It should be noted that in English the possessive pronouns are often used instead of articles with nouns denoting relations, parts of the body, articles of clothing and various other personal belongings.

e. g. Bob nodded at his wife as if he wanted to say “You see?”

He bit his lips, but said nothing.

He took off his jacket and loosened his tie.

Amy put her cigarette back into her bag.

 

But there are certain idiomatic phrases where the definite article is used instead of a possessive pronoun.

e. g. I have a cold in the head.

He was shot through the heart.

He got red in the face.

He took me by the hand.

The ball struck him in the back.

He patted his wife on the shoulder.

 

The possessive pronouns may function as nouns as well. That they are used in their so-called absolute forms: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours and theirs.

 e. g. She put her arm through mine.

They are not my gloves; I thought they were yours.

Theirs is a very large family.

 

It is noteworthy that its is hardly ever used as an absolute form.

 

Sometimes we find absolute forms of possessive pronouns preceded by the preposition of . This combination is called a double genitive.

e. g. He is a friend of mine.

It happened through no fault of his.

We had a slight accident and, luckily, that neighbour of yours came along or we would still be there.

 

EXERCISES

Дата: 2019-02-25, просмотров: 255.