Переведите текст на русский язык в письменной форме

 

2. Найдите в тексте ответы на следующие вопросы и запишите их (на английском языке):

a) When does the history of mechanical engineering begin?

b) What were the earliest types of machines?

c) What are the four stages of the development of world industry and what are they characterized by?

d) What period of industrial revolution occurs at present?

 

 

Вариант 5

 

I. Из английских грамматических форм в правой колонке выберите ту видо-временную форму глагола, которую вы употребили бы при переводе следующих русских предложений:

 

1. Новый станок прибыл и работает уже три дня. a) is working b) works c) has been working
2. Многие люди покидают деревни из-за роста индустриализации. a) are leaving b) leave c) have left
3. Московское радио ведет передачу на 50 иностранных языках. a) is broadcasting b) broadcasts c) will broadcast
4. Когда ты обсудил эту проблему с главным инженером? a) have discussed b) did discuss c) were discussing

 

II. Переведите на английский язык предложения:

 

live arrive hail enter 1. Я живу здесь три года. 2. Когда ты приедешь? 3. Две недели назад шел сильный град. 4. Следующим летом я поступлю в университет.

 

III. Поставьте глаголы, стоящие в скобках, в зависимости от смысла во времена группы Indefinite (Simple), Continuous или Perfect. Предложения переведите на русский язык.

1. We (to solve) this problem as soon as we (to discuss it. 2. Mr Smith (to teach) German. He (to be) a very experienced teacher. 3. They (to finish) their homework by 5 o’clock tomorrow. 4. What you (to do) at 5 o’clock tomorrow? – I (to work) on my report.

 

IV. Поставьте глагол to write в зависимости от смысла в нужное время (групп Indefinite (Simple), Continuous, Perfect или Perfect Continious) в страдательном залоге. Предложения переведите на русский язык.

 

1. How many letters (to write) by you last month? 2. I asked the professor and found out that the letter (to write) already. 3. Can you believe, that the novel (to write) in a week? 4. Remember, that any large novel (to write) sentence by sentence, chapter by chapter. 5. 'Yesterday' (to write) by John Lennon and Paul McCartney. 6. The report usually (to write) by your manager.

 

V. Замените в следующих предложениях действительный залог страдательным. Используйте конструкцию с предлогом by.

1. Your manager must write the report. 2. The children are organizing the Christmas party. 3. The French team has won the silver medal. 4. A woman was training the guard dogs.

 

VI. Трансформируйте следующие предложения в прошедшее и будущее время, используя соответствующую форму модального глагола или его эквивалента.

1. This engineer cannot come. 2. He may use these reference books for his report. 3. Our scientific research laboratory must launch a new programme this year.

 

VII. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на выражение модальности в английском языке.

1. As he received a bad mark, he had to go over the material now. 2. We were to meet at the station at six. 3. Do you know the student who is to make a report? 4. You will have to repeat the material of the lectures before the examinations.

 

VIII. Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

 

IT AND THE TRAVEL AGENCY

 

Information technology (IT) is an important part of the travel business. Almost all suppliers, such as tour operators, airlines, and hotels have their own website. Customers can find information and make online bookings. There are also many 'one-stop' websites, like traveleasy.com. These allow people to find all the information they need on one website — for example, the cheapest deals on flights, or hotel accommodation.

Buying travel services online, rather than through a travel agent, is quicker and usually cheaper for the customer. Customers can also get more information about the services they are buying. Selling online is also cheaper for the suppliers, because they don't have to pay a commission to a travel agent.

Almost any job, from hotel reception to airline reservations, uses a computer. For example, to work for a hotel, travel agent, or airline, you need to be able to use a Central Reservation System (CRS) such as Sabre or Fidelio. If you want to work in IT specifically for the travel industry, you need qualifications in both IT and tourism.

When you apply for a job, you should always mention any IT skills you have, like working on spreadsheets, or designing websites. If you have these skills, you will be more attractive to an employer.

 

Дата: 2019-07-24, просмотров: 150.