To report commands / requests / suggestions we use a reporting word (ask, order, tell etc.) followed by a “to-infinitive”, a “not to-infinitive” or an “-ing form” according to the construction of the introductory verb.
e.g. He said to me, “Come with me!” → He told me to go with him.
He said to me, “Don’t lie to me!” → He told me not to lie to him.
He said, “Let’s go out.” → He suggested going out.
4.1 Write these sentences in Reported Speech, using the words given. Note that some words may have to be changed:
1. 'Sit down Mary.' (he told) – He told Mary to sit down.
2. 'Don't go near the sea, children.' (the children's mother warned) – The children's mother warned them not to go near the sea.
3. 'Don't be late, Tim.' (Tim's father told)
4. 'Be quiet, children.' (the librarian told)
5. 'Don't shoot, men!' (the officer ordered)
6. 'Have your tickets ready, please.' (the inspector told us)
7. 'Don't use the telephone after eleven o'clock.' (the landlady told us)
8. 'Leave your keys on the desk, please.' (the receptionist told us)
9. 'Have your passports ready, please.' (the customs officer told us)
10. 'Finish the job tonight, please.' (my boss told me)
11. 'Run!' (the general ordered the soldiers)
12. 'Open the door, please.' (my mother told me)
Modals in Reported Speech
Some modal verbs change their tenses in Reported Speech:
|Direct Speech||Reported Speech|
|Will / shall → She said, “I will do it later.” She said, “When shall we reach New York?”||Would She said (that) she would do it later. She asked when they would reach New York.|
|Must → She said, “You must be back at 10.00.” She said, “He must be a liar.”||Must (probability) / Had to (obligation) She said (that) I had to be back at 10.00. She said (that) he must be a liar.|
|Shall → She said, “How shall I do this?”||Should (advice) She asked how she should do that.|
|May → She said, “I may speak to Ann.”||Might She said (that) she might speak to Ann.|
|Can → She said, “I can speak German.” She said, “I can come next Monday.”||Could / would be able to She said (that) she could speak German. She said (that) she would be able to go the following Monday.|
Other verbs stay the same: would, could, should, might, ought to, had better.
5.1 Turn the following sentences into Reported speech:
1. "How shall I tell Tom the bad news?" she said. – She asked how she should tell Tom the bad news.
2. "You must try my home-made pie," she said.
3. "Can I go home now?" he asked.
4. "May I call you by your first name?" he asked her.
5. "You can come in, but you mustn't make any noise," she said to him.
6. "What time shall we arrive in London?" he asked.
7. "She must try harder if she wants to succeed," he said.
8. "My father will be angry with me if he finds out," she said.
9. "You ought not to drive so fast," he said to her.
10. "They don't have to come if they don't feel like it," he said.
5.2 Write the following in reported speech:
1. 'Where do you think we should advertise?' (He asked me) – He asked me where I thought we should advertise.
2. 'Are you going to audition for the play?' (Emma asked me)
3. 'Give me a ring if you need any help.' (She told me)
4. 'How is Laura getting on?' (She often asks me ____ you ____)
5. 'Shall I ask her out for a meal?' (He's been wondering)
6. 'Why did Matthew look so embarrassed when he saw Carole?' (He asked)
7. 'Must we stay here all evening?' (He asked)
8. 'What are they doing about publicity for the event?' (She wondered)
9. 'Will you send me the report when it's finished?' (He asked me)
10. 'What have you done with the student records?' (She asked me)
Different Introductory Verbs can be used instead of “say” or “tell”. Study the following table and pay attention to different constructions used after certain verbs:
|Introductory Verb||Direct Speech||Reported Speech|
|agree + to-inf offer promise refuse threaten||"Yes, I'll help you." "Shall 1 open the door?" "Of course I'll pay” "No, 1 won't go with you.” "Stop crying or I'll punish you."||He agreed to help me. He offered to open the door. He promised to pay me. He refused to go with us. He threatened to punish me if 1 didn't stop crying.|
|advise + sb + to-inf ask beg command invite order remind warn||"You should see a lawyer." "Could you help me?" "Please, please don't hurt her!" "Stand to attention!" "Will you have dinner with me?" "Leave the cat alone!" "Don't forget to ring Ann." "Don't go near the rocks."||He advised me to see a lawyer. He asked me to help him. He begged me not to hurt her. He commanded the soldiers to stand to attention. He invited me to (have) dinner with him. She ordered me to leave the cat alone. She reminded me to ring Ann. He warned me not to go near the rocks.|
|admit + gerund accuse sb of apologise for boast of/about complain to sb of deny insist on (say one) prefers suggest||"Yes, I told her the secret." "You took the money." "I'm sorry I arrived so late." "I'm the fastest of all." "I have a toothache." "I didn't take the book." "You must come with us." "I'd rather do it myself." "Let's have a party."||He admitted (to) telling/having told her the secret. He accused me of taking/having taken the money. He apologised for arriving/having arrived so late. He boasted of/about being the fastest of all. He complained to me of having a toothache. He denied taking/having taken the book. He insisted on me/my going with them. He said he preferred doing/to do it himself. He suggested having a party.|
|agree + that-clause complain deny explain exclaim/remark promise suggest||"Yes, it's a big house." "You're always lying to me." "I didn't take that book." "That's why I didn't take it." "What a sunny day it is!" "Of course I'll help you." "You'd better see a doctor."||He agreed that it was a big house. He complained that I was always lying to him. He denied that he had taken the book. He explained to me why/that he hadn't taken it. He exclaimed/remarked that it was a sunny day. He promised that he would help me. He suggested that I (should) see a doctor.|
Note: admit, advise, boast, insist, threaten, warn, remind can also be followed by a that-clause in Reported speech.
6.1 First write the appropriate introductory verb then report the following situations:
1. "You should go to bed." – advise – He advised me to go to bed.
2. "Please, please don't leave me."
3. "Do it now!"
4. "No, I did not kill him."
5. "Oh, alright. I'll do the washing-up."
6. "Don't forget to take the dog out."
7. "Everybody, stand up now!"
8. "No, I will not give you my money."
9. "Could I use your phone?"
10. "I'm sorry I shouted at you."
6.2 Turn the following sentences into Reported Speech using different reporting verbs:
advise, invite, offer, promise, refuse, remind, warn + to-infinitive
apologise for, insist on, suggest + gerund
agree, announce, boast, claim, concede + that-clause
1. 'We're going to get married in June,' she said. – She announced that they were going to get married in June.
2. 'Don't go near that dog,' she told him.
3. After the meal, he said, 'Please don't argue – I'm going to pay.'
4. 'I'm sorry I didn't write,' she said.
5. 'Would you like to come round for dinner on Friday evening?' he asked them.
6. 'I think you should give up smoking,' the doctor said to her.
7. 'Alright, yes, I was wrong and you were right,' he said.
8. 'Yes, I'll write every week,' she said.
9. 'Shall I carry that suitcase for you?' she said.
10. 'How about going to the theatre on Saturday?' he said.
11. 'The newspaper report's not true,' said the Prime Minister.
12. 'Don't forget to post that letter,' she said to him.
13. 'Yes, it was a difficult exam,' the teacher said.
14. 'No, I won't give you a pay rise,' the manager told her.
15. ‘My parents have got three cars,’ she said.
6.3 Report the following using an appropriate introductory verb from the list below:
Дата: 2018-11-18, просмотров: 1853.