Life at College and University

The academic year in Britain’s universities, Polytechnics, Colleges of Education is divided into three terms, which usually run from the beginning of October to the middle of December, from the middle of January to the end of March, and from the middle of April to the end of June or the beginning of July.

There are about one hundred universities in Britain. The oldest and best-known universities are located in Oxford, Cambridge, London, Leeds, Manchester, Edinburgh, Southampton, Cardiff, Bristol, and Birmingham.

Good A-level results in at least two subjects are necessary to get a place at a university. However, good exam passes alone are not enough. Universities choose their students after interviews. For all British citizens a place at a university brings with it a grant from their local education authority.

English universities greatly differ from each other. They differ in date of foundation, size, history, tradition, general organization, methods of instruction, and way of student life.

After three years of study a university graduate will leave with the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, etc.

Later he may continue to take a Master’s Degree and then a Doctor’s Degree. Research is an important feature of university work. Distance learning is getting more popular nowadays.

The two intellectual eyes of Britain – Oxford and Cambridge Universities – date from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The Scottish universities of St. Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh date from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

During these years the Government set up thirty Polytechnics. The Polytechnics, like the universities, offer first and higher degrees. Some of them offer fulltime and sandwich courses. Colleges of Education provide two-year courses in teacher education or sometimes three years if the graduate specializes in some particular subject.

Some 80,000 overseas students study at British universities or further education colleges or train in nursing, law, banking or in industry.

 

2. Дайте відповідь на запитання :

1) How many terms is the academic year in Britain’s universities divided into?

2) Where are the oldest and best-known universities located?

3) Do English universities similar or differ from each other?

4) What do the polytechnics offer to their students?

3. Заповніть пропуски відповідною формою дієслова to be: am , is або are .Перекладіть речення на українську мову :

1) How much … this sweater ?

2) What … your aunt’s name?

3) I… glad to see you. How … you?

4) The dog … in the garden.

5) Tom’s parents … travel agents.

4. Перекладіть речення українською мовою. Пам’ ятайте про те, що в сталих виразах дієслово to have  втрачає своє основне значення “ мати (щось)» :

1) Max always has breakfast with his elder brother.

2) I don’t have time even to have a walk in the evening.

3) These boys are very naughty. They like to have a fight.

4) In summer we always have a good time in a village.

5) Dan has a terrible toothache. He is at the dentist now.

5. Заповніть пропуски одним із поданих у дужках дієслів. Перекладіть речення українською мовою :

1) How often you … (has, have) your English classes?

2) My working day … (lasts, last) eight hours.

3) I … (am. Shall be, was) absent because I … (was, am, shall be).

4) Last Sunday’s rugby match … (were, was) disappointing. Our team …( loose, lost).

5) Last year we …( spent, spend, shall spend) two weeks in Greece.

6. Перекладіть наступні речення:

1) Гарного вам дня!

2) Вона рано лягає спати?

3) Ми не вивчали французьку мову в школі.

4) Сестра Віктора не вчиться в університеті.

5) Вони перекладуть цей текст пізніше.

7. Оберіть правильну відповідь:

1) Jim’s … sister wants to become an economist.

A) elder

B) older

C) old

D) the oldest

2) This car is … .I can’t afford it.

A) cheap

B) expensive

C) bad

D) good

3) … Volga is the longest river in Europe.

A) –

B) The

C) A

D) An

4) Would you like … piece of cake?

A) other

B) another

C) more

D) others

5) I am sure that Jim is … lies.

A) pronouncing

B) telling

C) talking

D) saying

6) Before we parted Wilson asked me … I would like to go and see his house one day.

A) that

B) which

C) about

D) if

ВАРІАНТ 8

 

1..Прочитайте та перекладіть українською мовою весь текст. Перепишіть та письмово перекладіть з 1-го по 5-й абзаци тексту :

The Living Giants

The sequoia trees are the oldest living things in the world/ Millions of years ago, in the age of dinosaurs, they grew in large forests throughout much of the world. There were many kinds of sequoias but most of them disappeared during the Ice Age.

Today, there are only two kinds of the sequoia tree left on our planet, and one of them, the giant sequoia, can be found only in the north of California.

The name sequoia comes from the name of an American Indian, Sequoyah, who invented a written alphabet for his tribe.

No one knows how long a sequoia can live. Many trees in Sequoia National Park, in California, are more than 3,000 years old. Before a law was passed that protected sequoias from being cut, one of the oldest and largest of them was chopped down. The growth ring at the centre of this giant sequoia dated back to 1305 BC. It means that it was more than a thousand years old at the time of the birth of Christ!

One of the biggest sequoias in Sequoia National Park and in the whole world is the General Sherman tree. It is 83.8 metres high, and the diameter of its trunk is 31.4 metres – wider than an average city street. The trunk, scientists say, weighs nearly 1,385 tons!

Sequoias are very durable. None of these trees has died from old age or disease yet. The bark of the tree has a special tannin or juice. This protects the tree from fire and insects. However, lightning often destroys the tops of the largest sequoia trees.

Today, these rare and remarkable trees are protected. It is illegal to cut them down. Great care is taken to avoid any injury to the trees.

 

2.    Дайте відповідь на запитання :

1) What are the oldest living things in the world?

2) How many kinds of the sequoia tree are left on the Earth?

3) What did Sequoyah do for his tribe?

4) Where do the biggest sequoias grow?

3.    Заповніть пропуски відповідною формою дієслова to be: am , is або are .Перекладіть речення на українську мову :

1) …your farther a carpenter? – No he …

2) John …(not) a student, he … a doctor.

3) That book …(not) very interesting. Take this one.

4) The best seats … 10 dollars.

5) Kyiv …the capital of Ukraine.

4.     Перекладіть речення українською мовою. Пам’ ятайте про те, що в сталих виразах дієслово to have  втрачає своє основне значення “ мати (щось)» :

1) Granny has a chat with me in the afternoon.

2) I like to have a swim in the sea before breakfast.

3) Have a look at her! She is really beautiful today.

4) Would you like to have a rest?

5) My granddad is unwell. He has a cold.

5.    Заповніть пропуски одним із поданих у дужках дієслів. Перекладіть речення українською мовою :

1) The Pan-American Highway …( are ,is) the longest road in the world.

2) The Beatles ..(are,were, was) pop group.

3) She … ( meet, met, will meet) them in the Globus theatre last afternoon.

4) You … (arrive, arrived, will arrive ) in Paris tomorrow evening.

5) Diana …( comes, come, will come) to the party tomorrow?

Дата: 2018-11-18, просмотров: 271.