Прочтите и переведите текст, обращая внимание на перевод конструкции «сложное


      Men of science consider Lobachevsky to be a great mathematician. The whole world knows

Lobachevsky to have strictly demonstrated and explained the principles of the theory of parallel

lines. We consider him to be a great organizer of popular education, and we know him to have written much on the problems of education.

      Lobachevsky was born on December 1, 1792 near Nizhny Novgorod. His father died when he was only a child, leaving his family in extreme poverty. The family moved to Kazan where Lobachevsky was admitted to the gymnasium. We know his progress to have been extremely rapid in mathematics and classics. At the age of 14 he entered the University of Kazan where he is known to have spent 40 years as a student, assistant professor, and finally rector. Under his direction great improvements were made at the University. We know an observatory to have been founded and equipped and a mechanical workshop to have been established.

       For 2200 years all the mankind believed Euclid to have discovered an absolute truth.  Lobachevsky proved Euclid`s axiom on parallel lines not to be true. He built a new geometrical theory quite different from that of Euclid. We know his ideas to have greatly influenced not only geometry, but mechanics, physics, astronomy as well. Like Galileo, Copernicus and Newton he is one of those who laid the foundation of science.



5. Прочтите и переведите текст , обращая внимание на перевод различного рода

                                      Telephone Problems

Though we expect telephone to have convenience and speed it also has the power to convey a

poor impression of the efficiency of individuals and organizations and create confusion and irritation.

Telephone firms encourage customers to make telephone calls as they seem cheaper than sending a letter. Many organizations calculate that the average cost of sending a letter is about £ 25, which allows the customers to buy a lot of telephone time even at current rates. But telephone calls do not necessarily save time – and in business time is money. We have all suffered from the irritating waste of time caused by bad telephone manners. Sometimes to make a call takes us longer time than it takes to write or dictate a letter.

  Perhaps the principal cause of the telephone inefficiency is that although the standard telephone allows a customer to perform oral communication, it doesn`t yet transmit visual communication. Facial expression, gestures and posture not only help people convey the real meaning of words, but are often the principal means of feedback in face-to-face conversation. They allow misunderstandings to be instantly corrected. Without visual communication we expect such typical problems as missed words, misheard words, misunderstood words to occur.



Определение член предложения, которое определяет существительное.

Определение отвечает на вопрос который? и может стоять как слева, так и справа от определяемого  существительного, образуя с ним группу существительного.


1.    Перевод существительного с левыми определениями.        

1.1. Левые определения, представленные одним или несколькими        существительными.

      В научно – технической литературе широко используются определения,

представленные одним или несколькими существительными, стоящими перед

определяемым словом (так называемые «цепочки»). Определения могут состоять также

из существительных в сочетании с прилагательным, причастием, герундием или числительным.

Перевод терминологических словосочетаний (цепочек) на русский язык следует начинать с последнего слова, т.е. с определяемого существительного. Остальные компоненты цепочки переводятся существительными в родительном падеже,

прилагательными или существительными с предлогами. Иногда требуется подобрать

русский термин, принятый в данной области.

Примеры: process control – управление процессом; control process - процесс управления;

semiconductor device – полупроводниковое устройство; reduction cost - затраты на уменьшение; delay line store – блок памяти с линией задержки; low power consumption – небольшое потребление энергии; fraud risks – риски, связанные с возможностью быть обманутым.

Прочтите и переведите следующие словосочетания и предложения, обращая внимание на перевод «цепочек»:

test operation, operation test, satellite dish, broadband speeds, cost reduction, power consumption, a bespoke solution, Internet access devises, data network providers,  power consumption change, size reduction need, network management application, high – speed computers, relatively cheaper source material, the cheapest source material, local exploration office, national fibre backbone, a user`s location, the world`s third largest telecom equipment manufacturer.

1.  Transistor performance was steadily improved.

2. All our customers need is a broadband pipe into our network cloud.

3.  The geophysicists did not find evidence of underground oil reservoirs.

4. It should support our voice and email requirements.

5. In the mountains regions they are erecting point to point microwave towers.

6.  High-performance servers require high performance network connection.

7. We have a ten-strong Application Implementation team.

8. This analysis provides a specification or Software Requirements Analysis.


1.2. Левые определения , в состав которых входят причастия .

Примеры: an increasing size – увеличивающийся размер; partially changed operations

частично изменённые (изменяемые) операции.

Обратите внимание: the boiling water – кипящая вода (причастие I в функции левого определения); the boiling temperature – температура кипения (герундий в функции левого определения).    

Прочтите и переведите следующие словосочетания и предложения, обращая внимание на перевод существительных с левыми определениями, в состав которых входят причастия:

an operating device, an existing software product, a slowly operating device,  digital switching equipment, the increased complexity of the designs, commercially produced devices, twisted copper pair, packetized voice over Internet, the advantage of carefully prepared silicon surfaces.

1.  Developing countries seek to upgrade their telecoms networks.

2.  3G (and coming soon, 4 G and LTE) is a well-established wireless network in developed


3. Chess – playing computers probably provide the best examples of machines

exhibiting what might be thought of as «intelligent behavior». 

4. Mobile Wi-Max supports both fixed and* mobile applications with improved performance.

5. Copper fixed lines are being rolled out.

6. Historically, in-country, we have had poor fixed line infrastructure.

7. One recently invented microelectronic functional element has a distinction.

8.  Several assigned channels were transmitted and received from the antenna atop this


9. Talking Software is an SME-sized software development company.



2.    Перевод существительных с правыми определениями, представленными

а) устойчивыми словосочетаниями (существительное с предлогом),

Дата: 2019-07-24, просмотров: 278.