Verb to be (the Present Simple Tense)
Positive and Negative Forms
|I’m = I am|
|He/She/It||is||He’s/She’s/It’s = He/She/It is|
|We You They||are||We’re = We are You’re = You are They’re = They are|
NOTE: Look at the negative forms: She isn’t married. You aren’t British.
BUT: I’m not a schoolboy.
Exercise 1. Write the short form (she’s/ we aren’t, etc.).
|1. He is||4. I am not|
|2. They are||5. It is|
|3. She is not||6. You are not|
Exercise 2. Write the full form (she is/ we are not, etc.).
|1. We aren’t||4. They aren’t|
|2. I’m||5. It isn’t|
|3. You’re||6. She’s|
Exercise 3. Put in am/am not/is/isn’t/are/aren’t.
Exercise 4. Write true sentences, positive or negative. Use am/am not/is/isn’t/are/aren’t.
|Am||I||a student?||— Yes, I am. / No, I am not.|
|Is||he/she/it||a student?||— Yes, he/she/it is. / No, he/she/it isn’t.|
|Are||we you they||students?||— Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t. — Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. — Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.|
Exercise 5. Make general questions with these words. Give short answers.
1. your mother/at work?
2. her children/at home?
3. he/from Italy?
4. I/good at English?
5. you/interested in books?
7. this subject/difficult?
Exercise 6. Give short answers (Yes, I am/No, he isn’t, etc.).
|Am||I||your friend||or||not?||— Yes, you are/No, you aren’t.|
|he/she||Spanish||or||Italian?||— He/She is Italian.|
|it||difficult||or||easy?||— It’s difficult.|
|we||in the city centre||or||on the outskirts?||— You are on the outskirts.|
|you||a student||or||a schoolboy?||— I’m a student.|
|they||at home||or||at work?||— They are at work.|
Exercise 7. Ask alternative questions with the following words. Give answers.
Example: You/a student/a schoolboy? — Are you a student or a schoolboy? — I’m a student.
|What||is||her job?||— She’s a shop assistant.|
|Where||are||you from?||— From Germany.|
|Who||is||John?||— He’s their son.|
|How||are||you?||— Not bad, thanks.|
|How old||is||he?||— Eighteen.|
|What||is||your father like?||— He’s sociable and very clever.|
|What kind of (books)||is||he fond of?||— Historical books.|
|Why||are||you late?||— My watch is wrong.|
|Whose (friend)||is||Mary?||— She’s my friend.|
|What colour||is||our flag?||— It’s white, blue and red.|
Exercise 8. Ask and answer questions.
Example: What colour is a banana? — It’s yellow.
What colour are your trousers? — They’re black.
What colour is/are
|ambulances in Moscow?|
|the traffic lights?|
|a Christmas tree?|
Exercise 9. Complete the sentences.
Example: Where are my books? — On the table.
| ||About a hundred years old.|
| ||Denmark, I think.|
| ||Because it’s his birthday.|
| ||It’s black.|
| ||My brother.|
| ||Rock music.|
| ||Because it’s Sunday.|
Exercise 10. Ask the questions.
Example: What is your name? — My name’s Mark.
| ||— Her name’s Pam.|
| ||— No, my mother isn’t very young.|
| ||— Yes, it is Frank Ellis.|
| ||— No, I’m not Diana. I’m Ann.|
| ||— No, it isn’t Ronald. It’s Gerald.|
| ||— 14 King Street, London.|
| ||— 805-9866|
| ||— My shoes are black.|
| ||— Olga is very kind.|
| ||— Sue is fond of pop music and jazz.|
|I||am||a genius,||aren’t||I?||— Yes, I am. / No, I am not.|
in the city centre,
Exercise 11. Give the correct tag to these sentences.
1. Your mother is thirty-seven years old, ___?
Exercise 12. Ask questions about the information in italics.
Example: My mother is 50. — How old is your mother?
1. I’m from a small town in the South of Russia.
Дата: 2018-12-28, просмотров: 355.