Chapter 2. The Robin Hood’s story

Robin Hood is a standout amongst the most well known characters of the English folklore. He usually stated as brave bandit, archer and swordsman. As indicated by legend, he was acted with his group in Sherwood Forest close Nottingham – stealing from the rich and giving it back to poor people. He was widely known in taverns, there are many different bard songs telling a stories about this outlaw [11]. Robin Hood has no importance to the aristocracy, but at the same time holds some currency in popular circles. Earliest images of Robin Hood pretty much always shows him with some romantic notions. Although the most stories of Robin Hood differ we can at least say that at least one detail in every version is same. Its Robin Hood’s location in the center of England, the Sherwood area [12].                                                         Earliest Robin Hood’s stories describe his outlaw activity very simple, mostly times encountering someone in the forest. He either invites people to dine with him, and after dine will ask people to pay for it or just fights with them. Often these kind of tales were collected into books called “garlands”. One of these garlands entitled “Robin Hood and the Tanner,” whose subtitle, “Robin Hood met with his match.”  In this tales Robin Hood often meets a wanderer, after meeting they fight and commonly Robin loses. After losing he suggest a stranger to join his party. [13]

Rising of the popularity

Although the stories about Robin were appeared in the earliest periods of time, the real popularity came to his tales in the nineteenth century. Such creators and authors as Sir Walter Scott (1820), Joseph Ritson (1795), and Pierce Egan (1838) featured Robin in their works. This period ends with the Pyle (1883) started a new trend in Robin Hood tails [14]. Pyle’s work, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood (1883) has brought new highs in the writing and publishing images. Mostly this work was designed to suit young audience. This work was reprinted many time in different variations: as text with illustrations, as standalone text, as text with pictures from different artist, as Pyle’s illustrations accompany some other text.                                               But Robin Hood also appeared in the different operas, scene plays and songs. In this time, the big hit was a work of the Ritson entitled Robin Hood: A Collection of all the Ancient Poems, Songs and Ballads [15]. This work was a collection of different Robin Hood stories witch used more historic and scholar notes over others works and tails. After publishing of this work the interest in Robin Hood’s story was kindled again. Next big event in history of the Robin’s popularity took place after publishing of the Scott’s Ivanhoe (1920), which not only features Robin Hood but also shift a main focus to the Norman Saxon conflict.

2.2 The twentieth century

The new plays, operas, song were created after a great success of the Pyle’s work. Most of these works were aimed to the much younger audience. In cause of that, image of the Robin Hood was slightly changed. He was portrayed as a truly heroic person who fighting for true justices and his enemies also was showed more villainously. Robin Hood also often was showed as dispossessed noble of the Tudor period. This detail adds a real purpose to his rebellion. In this period of time, the comic book format was very popular among young audience. And so, comic’s versions of Robin Hood appeared. For example “Robin Hood’s Peril,” by Thriller Comics 27 that was published in earliest 1950’s through March 1963, total producing 450 issues. These comics tells about different establish characters (included Robin Hood) experience classic stories and complete new original material [16]. Most of these stories were popular among young generation. The other example of Robin Hood comic book is "Robin Hood," by Classics Illustrated 7 published in 1942. This Robin Hood comic draws upon many different popular strands, especially reflecting the story as told in Pyle (1883) and The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938). Even Russian has received its own Robin Hood. The book entitled Bows Against the Barons (1934) by Geoffrey Trease. This text shows Robin Hood as a communist warrior fighting against tyranny. But over the time later editions of this book remove such political overtones. The style of drawing recalls to Pyle’s work, but with its own original content.

Robin Hood in media

Almost every generation has had a Robin Hood film, because they are always profitable and popular. Although he is not as popular a figure as some others, like King Arthur, Robin stills manage to have a huge fan base. And this effect can be easily explained. Most of the time Robin Hood’s story full of action and quiet easy to understand. This simplicity allows filmmaker to bring a lot of viewer’s attention to visual part of the movie, such as choreography, costumes and locations. Also, because the Robin Hood’s story has a lack of the fantasy, there is no need in having high budget to make a movie.              Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) by Michael Curtiz and William Keighley is example of the one of the earliest Robin Hood film. It is An action-oriented telling of the legend, it draws upon the earlier Fairbanks film, Robin Hood (1922), for some of its sequences, but ultimately outshines the silent feature in brilliant technicolor. One of the most known film about this outlaw entitled Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. by Kevin Reynolds. It’s a big-budget film that did very well at the box office, “Prince of Thieves” is not a favorite with Robin Hood scholars and fans. Although some great actor take place in shooting, such as Morgan Freeman, Alan Rickman and other, this film has received a quite medium scores. The film abandoned the high action and technicolor swashbuckling of 1938’s Adventures for a more “realistic” portrayal of the period. Despite its problems, it served to introduce a new generation to the Robin Hood legend, and it highlights certain trends in medievalism. [17]                                                                            Some movie creators tried to adapt Robin Hood’s story to fit a younger audience. For example, the Walt Disney’s first cartoon interpretation of the Robin Hood’s story. All characters in this cartoon presented as an animals. This factor helps children to have a stronger connection with characters and delight the overall tone of Robin Hood’s background story.

In modern time, we still have new films about Robin Hood. There are a lot of different tv shows and upcoming films. All of them share action-driven story and focus on visual effects. Robin Hood is commonly showed as almost super hero, following new media trends.

Дата: 2019-02-02, просмотров: 123.